Select a section on the map below to view details about the cactus and succulent species it contains or view a full list of all sections below the map.

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  • Section 1A

  • Section 1A

    Argentine Saguaro

    Leucostele terscheckii

    Despite its common name, Argentine Saguaro is from a different genus than the true saguaro cactus. However it is native to the arid regions of Argentina where it plays a vital role in the ecosystem by providing habitat and food for various wildlife species.This plant is considered a protected species due to it native landscape being heavily impacted by urbanization.

    • Mature Height: 30'-40'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 15
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Coast Live Oak

    Quercus agrifolia

    This prominent and iconic tree species is native to the coastal regions of California. Coast Live Oak is well-adapted to San Diego’s climate, featuring dark leathery leaves that remain on the tree year round. These trees can live for several centuries and serve as an important habitat and food source for local animal populations.

    • Mature Height: 25-80 ft
    • Mature Width: 30 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8-11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: None

    Cow's Horn Plant

    Euphorbia grandicornis

    This Euphorbia species stands out with its unusual growth pattern, featuring thick ribbed stems that resemble the twisted horns of a cow. This plant is native to eastern parts of South Africa, and is well adapted to the arid and rocky landscapes of its natural habitat.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mozambique, Eswatini, and South Africa
    • Toxicity: High

    Creeping Rosemary

    Salvia rosmarinus 'Prostratus'

    This plan is a fragrant, evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean region. It is widely cultivated for both its culinary uses and its ornamental value. Its ability to tolerate dry conditions make it a favorite for desert gardens. The plant is also very versatile and can be grown as a hedge, in containers, or as a topiary.

    • Mature Height: 2'-6'
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Deep Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Blue
    • Bloom Season: Summer and Fall
    • Native To: Africa, Europe, Western Asia
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Foxtail Agave is set apart from other Agave due to its soft and spineless foliage. This plant is monocarpic, which means it will only flower once in its lifetime. The parent plant dies after flowering but produces “pups" that will continue to grow and thrive, often leading to mounding clusters of this plant.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Light Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Hedgehog Cactus

    Leucostele chiloensis

    This species is an evergreen succulent shrub that is native to Chile. It has long spines that inspired some of its common names (hedgehog cactus, sea urchin cactus) and white flowers.

    • Mature Height: 26'
    • Mature Width: 6"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Jade Plant

    Crassula ovata

    These plants are often characterized by their thick leaves and woody stems. Upon reaching maturity, Jade can develop into a tree-like plant with a thick trunk and branch-like structures. With the right care, this plant can live decades.

    • Mature Height: 8'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 12
    • Colors: Shades of Green and Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Winter to Spring
    • Native To: South Africa and Mozambique
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Monstrose Apple Cactus

    Cereus peruvianus f. monstrosus

    Unlike the typical columnar shape of most cacti, the Monstrose Apple Cactus has a genetic mutation which causes irregular, folded, and contorted growth patterns. When mature, it may produce large, nocturnal, and fragrant white flowers that are followed by a fruit resembling small apples.

    • Mature Height: 15'
    • Mature Width: 12'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Caribbean and South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Sonora Barrel Cactus

    Ferocactus echidne

    This plant is native to the Sonoran Desert where the arid conditions produced its drought-loving tendencies. This cactus gets its name “ferocactus”, from the Greek word for “fierce spines”.

    • Mature Height: 3'
    • Mature Width: 2.5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 1B

  • Section 1B

    Blue Candle

    Euphorbia coerulescens

    This Euphorbia species is native to East Cape Province, specifically Noorsveld, where it thrives in the arid and rocky terrain and is used as animal feed. The stems are typically cylindrical and segmented, resembling stacked columns or candles, which gives rise to its common name: Blue Candle.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: Yes

    Canary Island Spurge

    Euphorbia canariensis

    Originally from the Canary Islands, this plant is naturally found growing on the sides of cliffs. Branches typically sprout from a singular stem, producing many branches giving the plant its signature look. Each side of this plant is lined with short brown spines that run up and down the columns.

    • Mature Height: 4'-8'
    • Mature Width: 4'-6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10
    • Colors: Green and Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red Brown
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: Yes

    Valleybush Euphorbia

    Euphorbia Grandidens

    This tree-like Euphorbia is characterized by its twisting brown stems and small, elongated leaves. In its native habitat, this plant typically grows in rocky or sandy soils.

    • Mature Height: 50'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Southern Africa
    • Toxicity: Yes
  • Section 2A

  • Section 2A

    Alluaudia humbertii

    This plant is a deciduous succulent shrub that is native to southern Madagascar, where it serves as a food source for Lemurs. It has thin branches and gray bark that are covered in spines and round leaves with small green flowers that bloom seasonally.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Madagascar
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Euphorbia ‘Zig Zag’

    Euphorbia pseudocactus 'Zig Zag'

    A hybrid of Euphorbia pseudocactus and Euphorbia grandicornis, this variety is known for its unique, zigzagging growth pattern, which sets it apart from the more upright growth pattens of other Euphorbia species

    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b-11b
    • Colors: Green, Variegated
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Maiden's Quiver Tree

    Aloidendron ramosissimum

    Also known as a Tree Aloe, Maiden’s Quiver Tree is native to dry regions throughout South Africa where it thrives in rocky and sandy soil. Its resilient nature, striking foliage, and stunning green hues make it a focal point in any desert garden.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Namibia and South Africa
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Old Man of the Mountain

    Oreocereus celsianus

    This species can be either a barrel-shaped or columnar cactus with 10-15 ribs. Its stems are covered with dense yellow spines, woolly, white hair, and magenta flowers that bloom in the spring

    • Mature Height: 6'-10'
    • Mature Width: 0'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a to 10b
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: The Andes
    • Toxicity: None

    Pencil Tree

    Euphorbia tirucalli

    Despite its common name, it is not a true tree but rather a succulent shrub, known for its slender, pencil-thin branches. The plant's unique appearance paired with its highly toxic and irritating sap have earned it the nickname “Sticks on Fire.”

    • Mature Height: 20'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Red, Yellow, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Africa
    • Toxicity: High

    Red Yucca

    Hesperaloe parviflora

    A striking succulent plant native to the Chihuahuan Desert region, Red Yucca is recognizable by its narrow leaves which release curling fibers and its fiery red flower spikes. This plant thrives in rocky desert landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 5 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Throughout the Year
    • Native To: Texas and Northeastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Variegated Elephant Bush

    Portulacaria afra f. variegata

    In its natural South African habitat, Elephant Bush can grow into a large, woody shrub or small tree, serving as a food source for wildlife and people. The species is also notable for its ability to remove carbon from the atmosphere more efficiently than many other plants.

    • Mature Height: 8'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Yellow, Green, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 2B

  • Section 2B

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Native To: Mexico and the United States
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Column Cactus

    Pilosocereus sp.

    Many column cacti species are incredibly long-lived, with some saguaro cacti having been estimated to live for over 200 years.These plants have adapted to survive in harsh desert conditions. They use their thick, ribbed stems to store water, helping them endure long periods of drought.

    • Mature Height: 6'-12'
    • Mature Width: 1'-4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Yellow-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico, Caribbean, Brazil
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Ferocious Pulque Agave

    Agave salmiana var. ferox

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico. The ferox variety has larger teeth on the leaf edges and a longer terminal spine.

    • Mature Height: 8-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 8-10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Ghost Plant

    Graptopetalum paraguayense

    Native to Mexico, the color of this succulent's leaves depends on the heat and sun it receives, with blue-tinged leaves in the shade and pink edges in sunny and dry conditions.

    • Mature Height: 3"-6"
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Silver Grey
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinocactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Old Man of the Andes

    Oreocereus celsianus

    This cactus can be either a barrel-shaped or columnar with 10-15 ribs. Its stems are covered with dense yellow spines, woolly, white hair, and magenta flowers that bloom in the spring

    • Mature Height: 6'-10'
    • Mature Width: 1'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a to 10b
    • Colors: Green, Yellow, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: The Andes
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Prickley Pear/Cactus Pear

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way)

    • Mature Height: 10-15 ft
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Orange, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring-Late Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Silver Torch Cactus

    Cleistocactus strausii

    This cactus produces long, slender branches from its base and is covered in fine, hair-like spines. It is native to mountainous regions and shrublands of Bolivia, so it prefers relatively dry conditions, but can handle some water.

    • Mature Height: 3-5 ft
    • Mature Width: 1-3 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red/Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Bolivia and Argentina
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 3A

  • Section 3A

    Cactus chiloensis

    Echinopsis chiloensis

    This remarkable cactus species is native to Chile, particularly in the coastal regions. This plant produces a stunning nocturnal flower that attracts nighttime pollinators like moths and bats. This cactus has historical and cultural significance in Chile, and has been used for medicinal and ceremonial purposes.

    • Mature Height: 15-30 ft.
    • Mature Width: 6"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Fall
    • Native To: Chile
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8-12 in.
    • Mature Width: 24-36 in.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Orange, Red, Yellow
    • Toxicity: None

    Cow's Horn Plant

    Euphorbia grandicornis

    This Euphorbia species stands out with its unusual growth pattern, featuring thick ribbed stems that resemble the twisted horns of a cow. This plant is native to eastern parts of South Africa, and is well adapted to the arid and rocky landscapes of its natural habitat.

    • Mature Height: 6 ft
    • Mature Width: 6 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mozambique, Eswatini, and South Africa
    • Toxicity: High

    Deer Weed

    Acmispon glaber

    This plant is a hardy, low growing shrub that is native to the western regions of North America, including California. It is known for its vibrant yellow flowers that bloom in clusters along its sprawling branches. This drought-tolerant plant thrives in dry areas.

    • Mature Height: 1-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Western North America
    • Toxicity: None

    Desert Lavender

    Condea emoryi

    This desert shrub is often found in the Southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. The most notable feature of this plant is its intricate and spiny stem structure, with pairs of sharp, thorn-like protrusions that create a cross pattern. Its resilient nature and drought tolerance makes it an important component of desert ecosystems.

    • Mature Height: 4-8 ft.
    • Mature Width: 3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Purple
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: Southwestern United States
    • Toxicity: None

    Ghost Plant

    Graptopetalum paraguayense

    Native to Mexico, the color of this succulent's leaves depends on the heat and sun it receives, with blue-tinged leaves in the shade and pink edges in sunny and dry conditions.

    • Mature Height: 3-6 in.
    • Mature Width: 6-12 in.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Silver, Gray, Pink
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Old Man of the Andes

    Oreocereus sp.

    These cacti are often recognized by their distinctive, wooly appearance due to the fine spines covering their ribbed stems. When mature, Oreocereus cacti produce a large, night-blooming flower. This cactus is native to higher altitude regions of the Andes Mountains in South America.

    • Mature Height: 6-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 in.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 11
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Purple, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Toxicity: None

    Pincushion Plant

    Euphorbia enopla

    This cactus is a small, slow growing succulent covered in long red-toned spines. This plant is native to South Africa, growing in arid & rocky areas. Full sun is needed to maintain its compact shape and to prevent it from becoming leggy.

    • Mature Height: 2-4 ft.
    • Mature Width: 12-15 in
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b-11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Bright Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Winter
    • Toxicity: High

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way)

    • Mature Height: 10-15 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Orange, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Spineless Yucca

    Yucca elephantipes

    The spineless yucca is sometimes considered the tallest of the yucca species as it can take on an almost tree-like form and grow up to 40 ft tall. Native to Mexico, Yucca elephantipes also lacks spines, a trait most other yuccas have, which is the reason behind its common name.

    • Mature Height: 15-40 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico to Guatemala
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 3B

  • Section 3B

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages. (Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way)

    • Mature Height: 10-15 ft
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 - 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Orange, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Van Balen's Aloe

    Aloe vanbalenii

    What sets this plant apart from many other aloes is the presence of spiky, toothed margins along its leaves. This species is adapted to rocky slopes and cliffs, and is native to arid regions of South Africa.

    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 3-4 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Orange
    • Bloom Season: Winter
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 4A

  • Section 4A

    African Candelabra

    Euphorbia ammak variegata

    This succulent is referred to as the “African Candelabra” due its tall, columnar growth habit, which resembles a candelabra. Native to arid regions of East and North Africa, this plant is resilient to drought conditions.

    • Mature Height: 15'-20'
    • Mature Width: 6'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Light Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow Green
    • Native To: Yemen, Saudi Arabia
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Arabian Aloe

    Aloe rubroviolacea

    Native to high-elevation areas of the Arabian Peninsula, this species produces thick, toothed leaves which can take on a pink hue in winter. In the late Spring or Summer the plant produces a bright red inflorescence.

    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Spines: Yes
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Clumping Tanzanian aloe

    Aloe bussei

    Aloe bussei often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter. Aloe bussei produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8"-12"
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Late Summer- Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    San Pedro Cactus

    Trichocereus macrogonus var. pachanoi

    This ribbed, column cactus has trumpet-shaped white flowers and is native to South America. It thrives in full to partial sun and well-drained soil.

    • Mature Height: 19'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 10b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Ecuador to Peru
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Torch Aloe

    Aloe arborescens

    Aloe arborescens is a succulent shrub with branching stems and soft-toothed leaves. It has bright red flowers that top a long, upright stem appearing almost torch-like.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 6'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Yellow Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Fall, Winter
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 4B

  • Section 4B

    African Candelabra

    Euphorbia ammak variegata

    This succulent is referred to as the “African Candelabra” due its tall, columnar growth habit, which resembles a candelabra. Native to arid regions of East and North Africa, this plant is resilient to drought conditions.

    • Mature Height: 15'-20'
    • Mature Width: 6'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Light Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow Green
    • Native To: Yemen, Saudi Arabia
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    African Spurge

    Euphorbia Resinifera

    A dense, slow-growing shrub that forms a multi-stemmed, cushion-shaped clump with small protruding spines. The name ‘resinifera’ comes from the toxic resinous substance this plant produces.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Morocco
    • Toxicity: High

    Arabian Aloe

    Aloe rubroviolacea

    Native to high-elevation areas of the Arabian Peninsula, this species produces thick, toothed leaves which can take on a pink hue in winter. In the late Spring or Summer the plant produces a bright red inflorescence.

    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Spines: No
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Black Tree Aeonium

    Aeonium arboreum 'Atropurpureum'

    This succulent produces rosettes of leaves, which will vary in color depending on sun exposure. In full sun, the leaves turn a purple so dark it is almost black–hence their name. If grown in the shade, however, the leaves in the center of the rosette will be bright green while the leaves towards the outside of the rosette will take on a red hue.

    • Mature Height: 4.5'
    • Mature Width: 3' to 4.5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Colors: Dark Purple
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Fire-cracker Cactus

    Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus

    This striking cactus species is recognized by its vibrant green stems and stunning red-orange flowers. Like many cactus species, Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus is adapted to arid conditions and is highly drought-tolerant. It stores water in its stems, allowing it to withstand extended periods of dryness.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Bolivia and northern Argentina
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Ponytail Palm

    Beaucarnea recurvata

    The plant can be recognized by its striking and unusual appearance: the trunk of this tree features a wide base with a cascade of elongated leaves protruding from the top, leading to it's common name. Its enlarged trunk helps with water retention and drought-tolerance.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Tan
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    San Pedro Cactus

    Trichocereus macrogonus var. pachanoi

    This ribbed, column cactus has trumpet-shaped white flowers and is native to South America. It thrives in full to partial sun and well-drained soil.

    • Mature Height: 19'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 10b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Ecuador to Peru
    • Toxicity: Moderate
  • Section 5A

  • Section 5A

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Hairbrush Cactus

    Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum

    Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum is a tall, sometimes branching column cactus native to Mexico. Its white flowers open in the evening, as bats are one of its primary pollinators.

    • Mature Height: 50'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Mexican Fence Post

    Pachycereus marginatus

    This columnar cactus with spines along each rib originates from Mexico and resembles a ‘fence post’--hence its common name. Mexican fence post cacti are quite durable in both hot and cold conditions and can survive with little water.

    • Mature Height: 11'-15'
    • Mature Width: 6'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Monstrose Apple Cactus

    Cereus peruvianus 'Monstrosus'

    Unlike the typical columnar shape of most cacti, the Monstrose Apple Cactus has a genetic mutation which causes irregular, folded, and contorted growth patterns. When mature, it may produce large, nocturnal, and fragrant white flowers that are followed by a fruit resembling small apples.

    • Mature Height: 15'
    • Mature Width: 12'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Caribbean and South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Ponytail Palm

    Beaucarnea recurvata

    The plant can be recognized by its striking and unusual appearance: the trunk of this tree features a wide base with a cascade of elongated leaves protruding from the top, leading to it's common name. Its enlarged trunk helps with water retention and drought-tolerance.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Tan
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 5B

  • Section 5B

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 16'
    • Mature Width: 1'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Hairbrush Cactus

    Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum

    Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum is a tall, sometimes branching column cactus native to Mexico. Its white flowers open in the evening, as bats are one of its primary pollinators.

    • Mature Height: 50'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Mountain Aloe

    Aloe marlothii

    Aloe marlothii grows as a small tree that can stand up to 4 meters high. Its leaves leaves form a single rosette emerging from the trunk, which is often covered in remains of past leaves. Aloe marlothii can have 10+ flowers branching from the center of the rosette. These flowers can range from golden yellow, to orange, to red.

    • Mature Height: 6'-13'
    • Mature Width: 1'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Gray, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Orange
    • Native To: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Botswana
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 6A

  • Section 6A

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    Aeonium Kiwi is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and prefers well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 1'
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: The Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Argentine saguaro

    Echinopsis terscheckii

    Sharing a common name with another cactus in this garden, this species is also not a true Saguaro. Coming from Argentina and Bolivia, it is a fairly hardy plant which can handle more rain and cold than other cactus species.

    • Mature Height: 15'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Bolivia, Argentina
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Butterfly Agave

    Agave potatorum

    The Butterfly Agave is a plant that grows as a gray-green rosette with brown spines at the tip of each leaf. Its flower spike reaches 10-20 ft high and after it blooms and produces seed the butterfly agave will die.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms Infrequently
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Dragon Tree

    Dracaena draco

    This tree species grows slowly, but over many decades its stems branch repeatedly, creating an umbrella-like shape. Its bright red fruits and red sap give it the name Dragon Tree.

    • Mature Height: 15'-25'
    • Mature Width: 15'-25'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Green, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Autumn
    • Native To: Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Western Morocco, Madeira
    • Toxicity: None

    Ferocious Pulque Agave

    Agave salmiana var. ferox

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico. The ferox variety has larger spikes on the edges of the plant and a longer terminal spine.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 11.5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Mature Width: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once when it dies
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lanzarote Aeonium

    Aeonium lancerottense
    • Mature Height: 3'
    • Mature Width: 3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Laurel Sumac

    Malosma laurina

    This tree is native to San Diego and the Southern California coast and plays an important role in the local chapparal ecosystem. Laurel Sumac has also been used as a food source for indigenous groups, specifically the Kumeyaay people, who dry out the fruits of this plant and then grind the material into a flour.

    • Mature Height: 10'-20'
    • Mature Width: 20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Ponytail Palm

    Beaucarnea recurvata

    The plant can be recognized by its striking and unusual appearance: the trunk of this tree features a wide base with a cascade of elongated leaves protruding from the top, leading to it's common name. Its enlarged trunk helps with water retention and drought-tolerance.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Tan
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Queen Victoria Century Plant

    Agave victoriae-reginae

    This agave species has a spherical growth pattern, with its rosette shaped leaves that are each lined with a white border. This plant blooms once in its lifetime, producing a towering flower spike, dying off once it has gone to seed.

    • Mature Height: 1'
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Desert Spoon

    Dasilyrion Wheeleri

    Called Desert Spoon due to the spoon shape of the leaf base, this plant is native to the Sonoran Desert. It is used in numerous ways by the indigenous people of that area, including as material for weaving, decorations, and drinks.

    • Mature Height: 0'-5'
    • Mature Width: 0'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Early Summer
    • Native To: New Mexico, Texas, Arizona
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 6B

  • Section 6B

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    Aeonium Kiwi is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. When grown with good sun exposure the Black Rose variety can produce deep purple/burgundy rosettes. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and prefers well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 1'
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Artichoke Agave

    Agave parryi var. truncata

    Resembling the plant from which it derives its common name, Artichoke Agave has a dense and rounded form with strong teeth along the leaf edges and a notable spine at the leaf terminus. This agave is monocarpic, flowering once before dying at 10-15 years old.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 12
    • Colors: Silvery Blue
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms at death
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8"-12"
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinocactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Mature Width: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once dying
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lady Fingers

    Dudleya edulis

    Lady’s Fingers are a species of succulent native to Southern California and Baja California, where it grows in both coastal and inland areas. This succulent’s leaves are long, slender, and ‘finger-like’, which is how it gets its common name.

    • Mature Height: 4"-8"
    • Mature Width: 1'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Cream
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: None

    Lemonade Berry

    Rhus integrifolia

    Native to California, this plant has been used for food & medicinal purposes by Native populations for generations. Rhus Integrifolia is related to the Poison Oak family, but does not have urushiol, which is responsible for causing rashes. This tree is seen all along the southern California coast, and helps with erosion control on coastal bluffs.

    • Mature Height: 3'-30'
    • Mature Width: 3'-20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Octopus Agave

    Agave vilmoriniana

    Octopus Agave is an agave with thin leaves that curl towards the ground that have been likened to arched octopus tentacles. Another distinguishing feature of this agave is its lack of spines.

    • Mature Height: 3'-4'
    • Mature Width: 5'-6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Gold, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms once dying
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Queen Victoria Century Plant

    Agave victoriae-reginae

    This agave species has a spherical growth pattern, with its rosette shaped leaves that are each lined with a white border. This plant blooms once in its lifetime, producing a towering flower spike, dying off once it has gone to seed.

    • Mature Height: 1'
    • Mature Width: 1'-2'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Green
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 7A

  • Section 7A

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 16'
    • Mature Width: 1'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Blue Myrtle Cactus (geometrizans) Cochal (cochal)

    MyrtilloCactus sp. - either M. geometrizans or M. cochal
    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Grey-Blue
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Central and Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Bunny Ear Cactus

    Opuntia macrodasys

    Bunny Ear Cactus is a low-growing cactus native to Mexico, with branches that creep outward along the ground. It is actually spineless, unlike many other Opuntia species, and instead has golden-yellow glochids (hair-like prickles).

    • Mature Height: 3'-4'
    • Mature Width: 4'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Northern Mexico, Arizona
    • Toxicity: None

    Cactus Chiloensis

    Echinopsis chiloensis

    This remarkable cactus species is native to Chile, particularly in the coastal regions. This plant produces a stunning nocturnal flower that attracts nighttime pollinators like moths and bats. This cactus has historical and cultural significance in Chile, and has been used for medicinal and ceremonial purposes.

    • Mature Height: 15'-30'
    • Mature Width: 6"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Fall
    • Native To: Chile
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Candybarrel Cactus

    Ferocactus wislizeni

    This cactus species produces long and often hooked spines. In its native habitat in Arizona and northern Mexico, the plant serves as a food and water source for animals during periods of drought.

    • Mature Height: 2'-4'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Grey, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red-Orange
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Sonoran and Chihuahan Deserts
    • Toxicity: None

    Lebombo Euphorbia

    Euphorbia confinalis

    This plant can be found in the Southern regions of Africa, specifically the Lebombo Mountains which span over South Africa, Swaziland, and Mozambique. The Lebombo Euphoria is well adapted to dry landscapes, including rocky slopes and dry savannas.

    • Mature Height: 31'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Pale Green or Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall, Winter
    • Native To: Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini, Zimbabwe
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Maidans Quiver Tree

    Aloidendron ramosissimum

    Also known as a Tree Aloe, Aloidendron ramosissimum is native to dry regions throughout South Africa where it thrives in rocky and sandy soil. This plant is well adapted to these conditions and can withstand periods of drought. Its resilient nature, striking foliage, and stunning green hues make it a focal point in the cactus garden.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 6'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11
    • Colors: Green, Bluegreen
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Namibia and South Africa
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 7B

  • Section 7B

    Blue Cereus

    Browningia hertlingianus

    This columnar cactus is native to Southern Peru. Its frosty pastel blue coloring gives Browningia hertlinianus the common name Blue Cerus. Though it often exists as a column, if this cactus grows tall enough, it will occasionally develop branches.

    • Mature Height: 25'
    • Mature Width: 13'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Blue
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Brown
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Peru
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Cactus Chiloensis

    Echinopsis chiloensis

    This remarkable cactus species is native to Chile, particularly in the coastal regions. This plant produces a stunning nocturnal flower that attracts nighttime pollinators like moths and bats. This cactus has historical and cultural significance in Chile, and has been used for medicinal and ceremonial purposes.

    • Mature Height: 15'-30'
    • Mature Width: 6"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Fall
    • Native To: Chile
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Old Man of the Mountain

    Oreocereus sp.

    These cacti are often recognized by their distinctive, wooly appearance due to the fine spines covering their ribbed stems. When mature, Oreocereus cacti produce a large, night-blooming flower. This cactus is native to higher altitude regions of the Andes Mountains in South America.

    • Mature Height: 10'
    • Mature Width: 4"-8"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 11
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Purple, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Toxicity: None

    Pincushion Plant

    Euphorbia enopla

    Euphorbia enopla is a small, slow growing succulent covered in long red-toned spines. This plant is native to South Africa, growing in arid & rocky areas. Full sun is needed to maintain its compact shape and to prevent it from becoming leggy.

    • Mature Height: 3'
    • Mature Width: 12"-15"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Bright Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Winter
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Ray of Light Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata cv. 'Ray of Light'

    Foxtail Agave is recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves and its soft and spineless foliage, the 'Ray of Light' variation has a light yellow stripe along the outside of the leaves. This plant, unlike most other species of agave, is not monocarpic, which means it not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 3'-6'
    • Mature Width: 6'-9'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Chartreuse
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Thread Agave

    Agave filifera

    Thread Agaves are a small agave that have distinct white threads along the edges of their leaves. The botanical name 'filifera' means 'having threads'. The tip of each leaf also has a sharp spine.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Dark Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Green, White
    • Bloom Season: Blooms when it dies
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 8A

  • Section 8A

    Agave Lechuguilla

    Agave lechuguilla

    Agave lechuguilla grows as a rosette with 20 to 30 leaves. These leaves are bent upwards with closely-spaced marginal spines and a sharp terminal spine. Agave lechuguilla has been known to be toxic to livestock like goats and sheep.

    • Mature Height: 5', 12' including flower
    • Mature Width: 5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7a to 10b
    • Colors: Green, Light Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, Orange
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Chihuahuan Desert
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Blue Myrtle Cactus

    Myrtillocactus geometrizans

    Myrtillocactus geometrizans is native to central Mexico where it is common and widespread. This cactus grows columnar, branching stems that grow closely together. It prefers to grow in well-drained soil with plenty of room for its roots to grow as it can get quite large.

    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Grey, Blue
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Central and Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8"-12"
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinocactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Jade Plant

    Crassula ovata

    These plants are characterized by their thick leaves and woody stems. Upon reaching maturity, Crassula ovata can develop into a tree-like plant with a thick trunk and branch-like structures. With the right care, this plant can live decades.

    • Mature Height: 8'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: South Africa and Mozambique
    • Toxicity: Moderate
  • Section 8B

  • Section 8B

    Ponytail Palm

    Beaucarnea recurvata

    The plant can be recognized by its striking and unusual appearance: the trunk of this tree features a wide base with a cascade of elongated leaves protruding from the top, leading to it's common name. Its enlarged trunk helps with water retention and drought-tolerance.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Tan
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Queensland Bottle Tree

    Brachychiton rupestris

    This plant is best known for its bottle-shaped trunk which can reach impressive circumferences. Brachychiton Ruperstris is culturally significant to indigenous peoples and has been traditionally used for food and medicine. In its native habitat the tree is protected as it serves an ecological importance to native wildlife in Australia.

    • Mature Height: 40'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Grey
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Australia
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Thorn Crested Century Plant

    Agave lophantha

    This species is native to Mexico and the Southern United States. The marginal spines along its leaves are slender and curve downwards. This species varies greatly in color and can have a pale stripe along its leaves.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Blooms at death
    • Native To: Texas and Northeastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Torch Cactus

    Soehrensia spachiana

    Torch Cactus is a tall, column cactus that is native to Argentina. It has large, night-blooming flowers. Though it begins its life growing as a column, with age it can sprout new stems from its base.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring-Fall
    • Native To: Bolivia, Argentina
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Tree Aeonium

    Aeonium arboreum

    Aeonium arboreum is a succulent shrub with bright green rosettes at the end of each branch. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and prefers well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 3'
    • Mature Width: 3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 9

  • Section 9

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 16'
    • Mature Width: 1'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Be Still Tree

    Cascabela thevetia

    Cascabela thevetia is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. It has bright yellow flowers which contrast with its bright green leaves. Cascabela thevetia prefers to grow in well-draining soil and is a low-water use tree

    • Mature Height: 30'
    • Mature Width: 10'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10-12
    • Colors: Dark Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall-Spring
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: High

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8"-12"
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Thorn Crested Century Plant.

    Agave lophantha

    This species is native to Mexico and the Southern United States. The marginal spines along its leaves are slender and curve downwards. This species varies greatly in color and can have a pale stripe along its leaves.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Texas and Northeastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 10A

  • Section 10A

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    This plant is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. The red outline paired with the bright green of the leaves gives these aeoniums their 'kiwi' coloring. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and preferrs well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 2'-3'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Ghost Plant

    Graptopetalum paraguayense

    Native to Mexico, the color of this succulent's leaves depends on the heat and sun it receives, with blue-tinged leaves in the shade and pink edges in sunny and dry conditions.

    • Mature Height: 3"
    • Mature Width: 5"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Silver, Grey, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinocactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Mature Width: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lanzarote Aeonium

    Aeonium lancerottense
    • Mature Height: 3'
    • Mature Width: 3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 10B

  • Section 10B

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way)

    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 10'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Thorn Crested Century Plant

    Agave lophantha

    This species is native to Mexico and the Southern United States. The marginal spines along its leaves are slender and curve downwards. This species varies greatly in color and can have a pale stripe along its leaves.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Texas and Northeastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 11

  • Section 11

    Candybarrel Cactus

    Ferocactus wislizeni

    This cactus species produces long and often hooked spines. In its native habitat in Arizona and northern Mexico, the plant serves as a food and water source for animals during periods of drought.

    • Mature Height: 2'-4'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Grey, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red-Orange
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Sonoran and Chihuahan Deserts
    • Toxicity: None

    Curlyleaf Yucca

    Yucca filamentosa

    Yucca filamentosa is native to the Southeastern United States. It has white, bell-shaped flowers that are pollinated by Yucca Moths, which have a symbiotic relationship with it. Yucca filamentosa has distinguishing curly, threadlike filaments along its leaves.

    • Mature Height: 15'-40'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Southeastern United States
    • Toxicity: None

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Mature Width: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Queensland Bottle Tree

    Brachychiton rupestris

    This plant is best known for its bottle-shaped trunk which can reach impressive circumferences. Brachychiton Ruperstris is culturally significant to indigenous peoples and has been traditionally used for food and medicine. In its native habitat the tree is protected as it serves an ecological importance to native wildlife in Australia.

    • Mature Height: 40'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Grey
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Australia
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 12A

  • Section 12A

    Alluaudia

    Alluaudia humbertii

    Alluaudia humbertii is a deciduous succulent shrub that is native to southern Madagascar, where it serves as a food source for Lemurs. It has thin branches with gray bark that are covered in spines and round leaves with small green flowers that bloom seasonally.

    • Mature Height: 16'
    • Mature Width: 16'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Madagascar
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Candelabra Tree

    Euphorbia ingens

    The Candelabra Tree is a species of Euphorbia found throughout several southeast African countries. Though it grows slowly, with time it can develop into a large tree. The sap of this plant is highly toxic and causes severe skin irritation.

    • Mature Height: 20'-50'
    • Mature Width: 6'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Southern Africa
    • Toxicity: High

    Column Cactus

    Pilosocereus sp.

    Many column cacti species are incredibly long-lived, with some saguaro cacti having been estimated to live for over 200 years. These plants have adapted to survive in harsh desert conditions by using their thick, ribbed stems to store water, helping them endure long periods of drought.

    • Mature Height: 6'-12'
    • Mature Width: 2'-4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Pale Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico, the Caribbean, Brazil
    • Toxicity: None

    Firewood Banksia

    Banksia Menziesii

    During the late Spring Firewood Banksia produces a unique and colorful flower spike that can persist on the plant for several weeks, attracting many native pollinators. This plant is native to Australia and is drought-tolerant.

    • Mature Height: 33'
    • Mature Width: 3'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Dark Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Australia
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spikey leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8'-10'
    • Mature Width: 8'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lebombo Euphorbia

    Euphorbia confinalis

    This plant can be found in the Southern regions of Africa, specifically the Lebombo Mountains which span over South Africa, Swaziland, and Mozambique. The Lebombo Euphoria is well adapted to dry landscapes, including rocky slopes and dry savannas.

    • Mature Height: 31'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Light Green, Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall, Winter
    • Native To: Southern Africa
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Lemonade Berry

    Rhus integrifolia

    Native to California, this plant has been used for food & medicinal purposes by Native populations for generations. This species is in the Poison Oak family, but does not have urushiol, which is responsible for causing rashes. This tree is seen all along the southern California coast, and helps with erosion control on coastal bluffs.

    • Mature Height: 3'-30'
    • Mature Width: 3'-20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Redflower False Yucca

    Hesperaloe parviflora

    A striking succulent plant native to the Chihuahuan Desert region, Red Yucca is recognizable by its narrow leaves which release curling fibers and its fiery red flower spikes. This plant thrives in rocky desert landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 3'-5'
    • Mature Width: 4'-6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 6a to 10b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Chihuahuan Desert
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Thorn Crested Century Plant

    Agave lophantha

    This species is native to Mexico and the Southern United States. The marginal spines along its leaves are slender and curve downwards. This species varies greatly in color and can have a pale stripe along its leaves.

    • Mature Height: 1'-2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Blooms upon death
    • Native To: Texas and Northeastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 12B

  • Section 12B

    Old Man of the Mountain

    Oreocereus celsianus

    Oreocereus celsianus can be either a barrel-shaped or columnar cactus with 10-15 ribs. Its stems are covered with dense yellow spines, wooly, white hair, and magenta flowers that bloom in the spring.

    • Mature Height: 6'-10'
    • Mature Width: 0'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a to 10b
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: The Andes
    • Toxicity: None

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way).

    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 10'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Redflower False Yucca

    Hesperaloe parviflora

    A striking succulent plant native to the Chihuahuan Desert region, Red Yucca is recognizable by its narrow leaves which release curling fibers and its fiery red flower spikes. This plant thrives in rocky desert landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 3'-5'
    • Mature Width: 4'-6-
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 6a to 10b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Chihuahuan Desert
    • Toxicity: Mild
  • Section 12C

  • Section 12C

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 5'
    • Mature Width: 8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Matilija poppy

    Romneya coulteri

    A striking and iconic native plant of California, Matilija Poppy is renowned for its impressive, large white flowers with prominent yellow centers which appear in the Spring and Summer. This plant is often found in the sunny areas along coastal and foothill regions.

    • Mature Height: 6'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way).

    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 10'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Queensland Bottle Tree

    Brachychiton rupestris

    This plant is best known for its bottle-shaped trunk which can reach impressive circumferences. Brachychiton Ruperstris is culturally significant to indigenous peoples and has been traditionally used for food and medicine. In its native habitat the tree is protected as it serves an ecological importance to native wildlife in Australia.

    • Mature Height: 40'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Grey, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Cream
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Australia
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Redflower False Yucca

    Hesperaloe parviflora

    A striking succulent plant native to the Chihuahuan Desert region, Red Yucca is recognizable by its narrow leaves which release curling fibers and its fiery red flower spikes. This plant thrives in rocky desert landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 3'-5'
    • Mature Width: 4'-6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 6a to 10b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Chihuahuan Desert
    • Toxicity: Mild
  • Section 13A

  • Section 13A

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    Aeonium Kiwi is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. The red outline paired with the bright green of the leaves gives these aeoniums their 'kiwi' coloring. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and preferrs well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Late Spring
    • Native To: The Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 10-16 ft
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Desert Bird of Paradise

    Erythrostemon gilliesii

    This plant is known for its striking, bird-like flowers and graceful foliage. In its native regions in South America, indigenous people have used its roots for medicinal purposes, however the seeds and seed pods are toxic.

    • Mature Height: 5-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-6 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, red
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer/Fall
    • Native To: Argentine and Uruguay
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, this plant has soft and spineless foliage. This species is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 2-5 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 1-2 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 8-10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once Dying
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lanzarote Aeonium

    Aeonium lancerottense
    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Queensland Bottle Tree

    Brachychiton rupestris

    This plant is best known for its bottle-shaped trunk which can reach impressive circumferences. The species is culturally significant to indigenous peoples and has been traditionally used for food and medicine. In its native habitat the tree is protected as it serves an ecological importance to native wildlife in Australia.

    • Mature Height: 30-40 ft.
    • Mature Width: 20-30 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Gray, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Australia
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 13B

  • Section 13B

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    Aeonium Kiwi is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. The red outline paired with the bright green of the leaves gives these aeoniums their 'kiwi' coloring. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and preferrs well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: The Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    African Spurge

    Euphorbia Resinifera

    A dense, slow-growing shrub that forms a multi-stemmed, cushion-shaped clump with small protruding spines. The name ‘resinifera’ comes from the toxic resinous substance this plant produces.

    • Mature Height: 1-2 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-6 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Morocco
    • Toxicity: High

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 14-16 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Candybarrel Cactus

    Ferocactus wislizeni

    This cactus species produces long and often hooked spines. In its native habitat in Arizona and northern Mexico, the plant serves as a food and water source for animals during periods of drought.

    • Mature Height: 2-4 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Grey, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red-Orange
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Sonoran and Chihuahan Deserts
    • Toxicity: None

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8-12 in.
    • Mature Width: 24-36 in.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Red, Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Orange, Red, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: None

    Desert Bird of Paradise

    Erythrostemon gilliesii

    This plant is known for its striking, bird-like flowers and graceful foliage. In its native regions in South America, indigenous people have used its roots for medicinal purposes, however the seeds and seed pods are toxic.

    • Mature Height: 5-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-6 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer/Fall
    • Native To: Argentina, Uruguay
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Desert Spoon

    Dasylirion wheeleri

    Called Desert Spoon due to the spoon shape of the leaf base, this plant is native to the Sonoran Desert. It is used in numerous ways by the indigenous people of that area, including as material for weaving, decorations, and drinks.

    • Mature Height: 2-5 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-5 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a-11
    • Colors: Serrated Leaves
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Southwest USA
    • Toxicity: None

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, Agave attenuata has soft.and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 4-5 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 8-10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once Dying
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Mimosa Tree

    Albizia julibrissin
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Spines: Yes
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Old Man Cactus

    Cephalocereus senilis

    This plant is a columnar cactus with radial spines that form as white hairs surrounding the outside of the cactus. These hair-like spines protect the cactus from frost and the sun. Its central spines are sharp and yellow and protrude from beneath the hair-like radial spines.

    • Mature Height: 16-50 ft.
    • Mature Width: 6 in.-1 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a-11b
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Gold, Yellow, Red, Burgundy, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring-Summer
    • Native To: North Eastern Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 14A

  • Section 14A

    Aeonium Black Rose

    Aeonium haworthii 'Zwartkop'

    This is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. When grown with good sun exposure the Black Rose variety can produce deep purple/burgundy rosettes. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and prefers well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 1-2 ft.
    • Mature Width: 1-2 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pale White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
    • Native To: The Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Aeonium Kiwi

    Aeonium haworthii 'Kiwi'

    Aeonium Kiwi is a succulent shrub with rosettes at the end of each branch. A distinguishing feature of this variety when compared to other aeoniums is the red outline around the outside of each leaf in the rosettes. The red outline paired with the bright green of the leaves gives these aeoniums their 'kiwi' coloring. Originating in the Canary Islands, it can thrive in full sun and partial shade and prefers well-draining soil.

    • Mature Height: 2 - 3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2 - 3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: The Canary Islands
    • Toxicity: None

    Bunny Ear Cactus

    Opuntia macrodasys

    Bunny Ear Cactus is a low-growing cactus native to Mexico, with branches that creep outward along the ground. It is actually spineless, unlike many other Opuntia species, and instead has golden-yellow glochids (hair-like prickles).

    • Mature Height: 3-4 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-5 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Golden
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
    • Native To: Central and Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, this species has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 4-5 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 1-2 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Green Maguey

    Agave salmiana

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico.

    • Mature Height: 8-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 8-10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7b to 10b
    • Colors: Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once Dying
    • Native To: Northern and Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Mexican Fence Post

    Pachycereus marginatus

    This columnar cactus with spines along each rib originates from Mexico and resembles a ‘fence post’--hence its common name. Mexican fence post cacti are quite durable in both hot and cold conditions and can survive with little water.

    • Mature Height: 11 - 15 ft.
    • Mature Width: 6 - 10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Old Man of the andes

    Oreocereus celsianus

    This species can be either a barrel-shaped or columnar cactus with 10-15 ribs. Its stems are covered with dense yellow spines, woolly, white hair, and magenta flowers that bloom in the spring

    • Mature Height: 6-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 1-5 ft
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8a to 10b
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring/Summer
    • Native To: The Andes
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 14B

  • Section 14B

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 14-16 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Cactus Chiloensis

    Echinopsis chiloensis

    This remarkable cactus species is native to Chile, particularly in the coastal regions. This plant produces a stunning nocturnal flower that attracts nighttime pollinators like moths and bats. This cactus has historical and cultural significance in Chile, and has been used for medicinal and ceremonial purposes.

    • Mature Height: 15-30 ft.
    • Mature Width: 6-8 in.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Fall
    • Native To: Chile
    • Toxicity: None

    Candelabra Tree

    Euphorbia ingens

    The Candelabra Tree is a species of Euphorbia found throughout several southeast African countries. Though it grows slowly, with time it can develop into a large tree. The sap of this plant is highly toxic and causes severe skin irritation.

    • Mature Height: 20-50 ft
    • Mature Width: 6-10 ft
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Southern Africa
    • Toxicity: High

    Lebombo Euphorbia

    Euphorbia confinalis

    This plant can be found in the Southern regions of Africa, specifically the Lebombo Mountains which span over South Africa, Swaziland, and Mozambique. The Lebombo Euphoria is well adapted to dry landscapes, including rocky slopes and dry savannas.

    • Mature Height: 20-30 ft.
    • Mature Width: 3-4 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Pale Green, Blue-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall to Winter
    • Native To: Southern Africa
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Mexican Lime Cactus

    Ferocactus pilosus

    Endemic to northeast Mexico, this cactus can grow up to 9 ft.tall over time and forms clumping offshoots as it matures. It is sometimes called 'Mexican Fire Barrel' due to its red spines and flowers.

    • Mature Height: 6 - 10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 1-2 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Rosary Vine

    Crassula rupestris 'High Voltage'

    Originating in dry, rocky areas of Namibia this plant forms many branches with thick, pointed leaves. The flower clusters at the ends of the branches produce dust-like seeds which are blown in the wind into rocky crevices, leading to its name 'Rupestris' which means 'Growing on Rocks'. The 'High Voltage' cultivar has red coloring along the edges of the leaves.

    • Mature Height: 2-3 ft.
    • Mature Width: 2-3 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink, Red
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Summer
    • Native To: South Africa
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 14C

  • Section 14C

    African Candelabra

    Euphorbia ammak 'variegata'

    This succulent is referred to as the “African Candelabra” due its tall, columnar growth habit, which resembles a candelabra. As it is native to arid regions of East and North Africa, this plant is resilient to drought conditions.

    • Mature Height: 15-20 ft
    • Mature Width: 6-8 ft
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Light Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow-Green
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 14-16 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Ashby's Banksia

    Banksia ashbyi

    Banksia ashbyi is an evergreen tree that produces cylindrical, golden flowers. Banksia ashbyi responds well to deep, infrequent watering and can thrive in full sun or partial shade.

    • Mature Height: 20-22 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-15 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9a to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Gold, Orange
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Fall
    • Native To: Western Australia
    • Toxicity: None

    Cochal

    Myrtillocactus cochal
    • Mature Height: 10-15 ft.
    • Mature Width: 20-30 ft
    • Water Needs: very Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Gray, Blue, Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Central and Northern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, this species has soft and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 4-5 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Old Man of the Mountain

    Oreocereus sp.

    These species are often recognized by their distinctive, woolly appearance due to the fine spines covering their ribbed stems. When mature, these cacti produce a large, night-blooming flower. This cactus is native to higher altitude regions of the Andes Mountains in South America.

    • Mature Height: 5-10 ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-8 in.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 11
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Purple, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: The Andes
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 15A

  • Section 15A

    Agave albomarginata

    This species is a medium-sized, evergreen agave which forms rosettes with thin leaves that are about 1.5 inches wide. Like many other agaves, this plant flowers once before the it dies.

    • Mature Height: 3'-6'
    • Mature Width: 6'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall, Winter
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Ferocious Pulque Agave

    Agave salmiana var. ferox

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico. The ferox variety has larger spikes on the edges of the plant and a longer terminal spine.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 11.5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Green, White
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Lemonade Berry

    Rhus integrifolia

    Native to California, this plant has been used for food & medicinal purposes by Native populations for generations. The species is in the Poison Oak family, but does not have urushiol, which is responsible for causing rashes. This tree is seen all along the southern California coast, and helps with erosion control on coastal bluffs.

    • Mature Height: 3'-30'
    • Mature Width: 3'-20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Mojave Yucca

    Yucca schidigera

    This Southern California native yucca has long, stiff leaves with sharp terminal spines. It produces large stalks of white flowers from each leaf rosette in the springtime, but does not die off after flowering as many other yuccas do.

    • Mature Height: 15'-40'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: None

    Ponytail Palm

    Beaucarnea recurvata

    The plant can be recognized by its striking and unusual appearance: the trunk of this tree features a wide base with a cascade of elongated leaves protruding from the top, leading to it's common name. Its enlarged trunk helps with water retention and drought-tolerance.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 3'-5'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Cream, Tan
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 15B

  • Section 15B

    Ferocious Pulque Agave

    Agave salmiana var. ferox

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico. The ferox variety has larger spikes on the edges of the plant and a longer terminal spine.

    • Mature Height: 6-8 ft.
    • Mature Width: 10-13 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Madagascar ocotillo

    Alluaudia procera

    This plant is characterized by its slender, upright stems that resemble branching columns. Although this plant has a similar appearance to Ocotillo (Fouquieria splendens) these plants are not related. When dormant, whether due to drought or wintertime, the plant will shed all of its leaves. As soon as the plant re-enters the growing stage the leaves will return,

    • Mature Height: 20+ ft.
    • Mature Width: 4-6 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9-12
    • Colors: Brown, Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Infrequent
    • Native To: Madagascar
    • Toxicity: None

    Peruvian Pepper Tree

    Schinus molle

    This tree is known for its aromatics, as both the leaves and fruit produce a spicy fragrance when crushed. The Peruvian Pepper Tree is native to South America, but is now commonly found in parts of California. Despite its beautiful appearance, this plant is considered mildly invasive in California, and will often outcompete native plants.

    • Mature Height: 25-40 ft
    • Mature Width: 25-40 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 4b to 11a
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Southern Andes
    • Toxicity: Mild
    Agave albomarginata

    This s[ecies is a medium-sized, evergreen agave which forms rosettes with thin leaves that are about 1.5 in. wide. The plant flowers once before it dies.

    • Mature Height: 3-6 ft.
    • Mature Width: 6-10 ft.
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Once Dying
    • Toxicity: Mild
  • Section 15C

  • Section 15C

    Agave angustifolia

    Agave angustifolia 'Marginata'

    The leaves of this plant are typically green in the center with cream colored stripes along the edges, creating a visually striking contrast. This agave is monocarpic, meaning it will flower only once before dying. This occurs when it is at least 10 years old and creates a towering spike with green flowers.

    • Mature Height: 4'
    • Mature Width: 4'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Pale Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Green, White
    • Bloom Season: Infrequent
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Coastal Cholla

    Cylindropuntia prolifera
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Spines: Yes
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Ferocious Pulque Agave

    Agave salmiana var. ferox

    This agave is characterized by its grand, robust rosette of thick, spiky leaves. It is one of the main sources of pulque, a fermented beverage with a long history in Mexico. The ferox variety has larger spikes on the edges of the plant and a longer terminal spine.

    • Mature Height: 6'
    • Mature Width: 10'-12'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8b to 11b
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Foxtail Agave

    Agave attenuata

    Often recognized by its rosette-shaped evergreen leaves, this species has soft.and spineless foliage. This plant is not monocarpic, unlike many other agave, which means it will not die after flowering.

    • Mature Height: 4'-5'
    • Mature Width: 4'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Central Mexico
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Jade Plant

    Crassula ovata

    These plants are characterized by their thick leaves and woody stems. Upon reaching maturity, Crassula ovata can develop into a tree-like plant with a thick trunk and branch-like structures. With the right care, this plant can live decades.

    • Mature Height: 4'-8'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 12
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: South Africa and Mozambique
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Wheel Cactus

    Opuntia robusta

    This plant is characterized by its circular shaped pads that resemble wagon wheels, giving it its common name. This distinctive plant is native to South America, but is often found in Central and Northern Mexico. While it's prized for its appearance, it's also considered invasive in some regions outside its native habitat, necessitating conservation efforts.

    • Mature Height: 10'
    • Mature Width: 4'-6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Blue-Grey, Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: Unknown
    Agave albomarginata

    Agave albomarginata is a medium-sized, evergreen agave. It forms rosettes with thin leaves that are about 1.5 in. wide. Agave albomarginata flowers once before the plant dies.

    • Mature Height: 3'-6'
    • Mature Width: 6'-10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Fall, Winter
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate
  • Section 16

  • Section 16

    Arabian Aloe

    Aloe rubroviolacea

    Native to high-elevation areas of the Arabian Peninsula, this species produces thick, toothed leaves which can take on a pink hue in winter. In the late Spring or Summer the plant produces a bright red inflorescence.

    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • Spines: Yes
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Arborescent Pricklypear

    Opuntia leucotricha

    Originating from central Mexico, this shrubby cactus can grow in a tree-like form, which led to it being called the ‘arborescent’ prickly pear. It has bright yellow flowers and fruit that is quite fragrant and often found in Mexican markets.

    • Mature Height: 16'
    • Mature Width: 1'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 7 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Yellow-Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Lemonade Berry

    Rhus integrifolia

    Native to California, this plant has been used for food & medicinal purposes by Native populations for generations. This species is in the Poison Oak family, but does not have urushiol, which is responsible for causing rashes.This tree is seen all along the southern California coast, and helps with erosion control on coastal bluffs.

    • Mature Height: 3'-30'
    • Mature Width: 3'-20'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Winter, Spring
    • Native To: California
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Maidans Quiver Tree

    Aloidendron ramosissimum

    Also known as a Tree Aloe, Maiden's Quiver Tree is native to dry regions throughout South Africa where it thrives in rocky and sandy soil. This plant is well adapted to these conditions and can withstand periods of drought. Its resilient nature, striking foliage, and stunning green hues make it a focal point in the cactus garden.

    • Mature Height: 6'-8'
    • Mature Width: 6'-8'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 11
    • Colors: Green, Blue
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Namibia and South Africa
    • Toxicity: None

    Prickly Pear Cactus

    Opuntia ficus-indica

    The Prickly Pear Cactus produces both edible pads and fruits. Nopales (the pads of the cactus) are often used in Mexican cuisine, while prickly pear fruits are sweet and are enjoyed fresh or used in various culinary applications, such as jams and beverages.(Note: plants in Balboa Park may not be cut or harvested in any way)

    • Mature Height: 10'-15'
    • Mature Width: 10'-15'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 17

  • Section 17

    Mexican Fan Palm

    Washingtonia robusta

    Native to the Baja California Peninsula and northwestern Mexico, this palm thrives in dry and barren regions. It is commonly planted as an ornamental palm in various parts of the world due to its striking appearance.

    • Mature Height: 100'
    • Mature Width: 10'-18'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Dark Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Cream, White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 18

  • Section 18

    Mexican Fan Palm

    Washingtonia robusta

    Native to the Baja California Peninsula and northwestern Mexico, this palm thrives in dry and barren regions. It is commonly planted as an ornamental palm in various parts of the world due to its striking appearance.

    • Mature Height: 100'
    • Mature Width: 10'-18'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Dark Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Cream, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Mexico
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Queen Palm

    Syagrus romanzoffiana

    The regal presence of the Queen Palm is created not only by its name, but also by its towering elegance and botanical splendor. While the palm is ubiquitous throughout Southern California, this plant's origins are in South America and there is a long history of its introduction to other landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 50'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Yearround
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: Mild

    Trailing Jade

    Senecio jacobsenii

    This species is a succulent with green leaves that are often tinged purple or brown and reddish-orange flowers that bloom in the late fall and early winter. It is known for trailing down the side of pots, or for spreading along the ground as groundcover.

    • Mature Height: 4"-6"
    • Mature Width: 1'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Green, Purple
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown
  • Section 19

  • Section 19

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    Nestled throughout this garden, Aloe bussei is native to cliffs and rocky outcrops of Tanzania. The plant grows slowly and showcases a breathtaking display of vibrant red and green hues

    • Mature Height: 8-12 inches
    • Mature Width: 24-36 inches
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: Zone 10
    • Colors: Red, green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Orange, red, yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer to Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: None

    Queen Palm

    Syagrus romanzoffiana

    The regal presence of the Queen Palm is created by its towering elegance. Though now commonly seen throughout Florida and California, this species originated in South America

    • Mature Height: 50 feet
    • Mature Width: 20-30 feet
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: Zones 10 & 11
    • Colors: Green, brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: All year
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Wheel Cactus

    Opuntia robusta

    This plant is noted for its circular shaped pads that resemble wagon wheels. Native to North America it is considered invasive in some regions outside its native habitat, necessitating control efforts.

    • Mature Height: 10 feet
    • Mature Width: 6 feet
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: Zones 9 to 11
    • Colors: Blue-gray, green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring to Summer
    • Native To: Arizona to Southern Mexico
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 20

  • Section 20

    Clumping Tanzanian Aloe

    Aloe bussei

    This aloe often grows in clusters of rosettes. Its soft-toothed leaves are green and develop a reddish-pink tint during the winter, it produces bright red flowers in the late summer to fall.

    • Mature Height: 8"-12"
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9b to 10b
    • Colors: Green, Red
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Red, Orange, Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: Unknown

    Queen Palm

    Syagrus romanzoffiana

    The regal presence of the Queen Palm is created not only by its name, but also by its towering elegance and botanical splendor. While this palm is ubiquitous throughout Southern California, its origins are in South America and there is a long history of its introduction to other landscapes.

    • Mature Height: 50'
    • Mature Width: 20'-30'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Yearround
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: None

    Trailing Jade

    Senecio jacobsenii

    This plant is a succulent with green leaves that are often tinged purple or brown and reddish-orange flowers that bloom in the late fall and early winter. It is known for trailing down the side of pots, or for spreading along the ground as groundcover.

    • Mature Height: 4"-6"
    • Mature Width: 1'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 10a to 11b
    • Colors: Purple
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: Pink, White
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: Tanzania
    • Toxicity: None

    Wheel Cactus

    Opuntia robusta

    This plant is characterized by its circular shaped pads that resemble wagon wheels, giving it its common name. This distinctive plant is native to South America, but is often found in Central and Northern Mexico. While it's prized for its appearance, it's also considered invasive in some regions outside its native habitat, necessitating conservation efforts.

    • Mature Height: 10'
    • Mature Width: 6'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Blue-Grey, Green
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring
    • Native To: South America
    • Toxicity: None
  • Section 21 – Potted Plants

  • Section 21 – Potted Plants

    Ghost Plant

    Graptopetalum paraguayense

    Native to Mexico, the color of this succulent's leaves depends on the heat and sun it receives, with blue-tinged leaves in the shade and pink edges in sunny and dry conditions.

    • Mature Height: 3"
    • Mature Width: 5"
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 12
    • Colors: Silver, Grey, Pink
    • Spines: No
    • Bloom Color: White, Pink
    • Bloom Season: Summer, Fall
    • Native To: Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • Toxicity: Moderate

    Golden Barrel Cactus

    Echinoactus grusonii

    This plant is notable for its compact spherical shape. The spines are densely packed and are a vibrant gold color, providing a striking contrast to the green body of the cactus. It is well-suited to the hot and dry conditions of its native habitat in the Chihuahuan Desert, but faces challenges to its survival in the wild.

    • Mature Height: 2'
    • Mature Width: 2'-3'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade
    • USDA Zones: 8 to 10
    • Colors: Green, Gold
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: Yellow
    • Bloom Season: Spring, Summer
    • Native To: Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
    • Toxicity: None

    Madagascar palm

    Pachypodium lamerei

    This plant is well known for its thick, bottle-like shaped trunk that is covered with thorns, and its crown of slender green leaves. The trunk acts as a water reservoir for the plant, which allows it to survive extended periods of drought in its native habitat.

    • Mature Height: 12'
    • Mature Width: 10'
    • Water Needs: Low
    • Sun Needs: Full Sun
    • USDA Zones: 9 to 11
    • Colors: Green, Brown
    • Spines: Yes
    • Bloom Color: White
    • Bloom Season: Summer
    • Native To: Madagascar
    • Toxicity: Moderate
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